There are many different types of fallacies, and their variations are almost endless.Given their extensive nature, we've curated a list of common fallacies so you'll be able to develop sound conclusions yourself, and quickly identify fallacies in others' writings and speeches. Types of formal fallacies and examples. . Let’s start with the logical fallacy of “ Anonymous Authority ” which occurs when the authority in question is not stated properly. Cherry picking – Only choosing a few examples that support your argument, rather than looking at the full picture. To be clear, however, it isn’t a fallacy to simply point out hypocrisy where it occurs. Argument from Ignorance: This is also known as an Argument from Silence.This occurs when the arguer tries to use the absence of evidence for X as evidence for non-X. Hasty generalization Definition: Making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases based on a sample that is inadequate (usually because it is atypical or too small). Types of fallacies and examples . For each fallacy listed, there is a definition or explanation, an example, and a tip on how to avoid committing the fallacy in your own arguments. Naturalistic fallacy – Believing something is good or beneficial just because it’s natural. Examples of Fallacious Reasoning. Jill committed adultery. Argument to moderation (false compromise, middle ground, fallacy of the mean, argumentum ad temperantiam) – assuming that a compromise between two positions is always correct. When one of the possibilities is stated, the other is assumed to be false. False disjunctive syllogism. For example, Jack may say, “yes, I committed adultery. There are many ways to classify them, but in general the classification that is most used is … Lots of us did, but I’m still responsible for my mistakes.” In this example, Jack isn’t defending himself or excusing his behavior. Of course, this … The Greek philosopher classified them verbally and nonverbally or relative to things. Next we will review the main types of formal fallacies. Informal fallacies – arguments that are logically unsound for lack of well-grounded premises. What follows are descriptions and examples of 10 common logical fallacies, most of which are likely to appear in the logical reasoning section of the LSAT at one point or another. For examples and detailed discussions, click on the highlighted terms. 1. Since Aristotle, fallacies have been classified in different ways. Bandwagon fallacy – Thinking an argument must be true because it’s popular. Ad Hominem A personal attack: that is, an argument based on the perceived failings of an adversary rather than on the merits of the case. Example… In case you need a little refresher, here are 12 common fallacies. This fallacy is based on a disjunction of style “A and/or B”. 10 TV Commercials with Logical fallacies There are many logical fallacies in tv commercials, let me share a few with you. Ad Hominem: This occurs when an author attacks his opponent instead of his opponent’s argument.