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Kingdom of Judah Background. He died soon thereafter with Jerusalem under siege. The Kingdom of Judah was an ancient nation that arose in Mesopotamia during the period of the Iron Age. ko:유다 왕국 In Jerusalem, archaeologists have made an important discovery that is providing new insights into the biblical Kingdom of Judah. cs:Judské království The main source of our knowledge about the Kingdom of Judah is the Hebrew Bible, especially the Books of Kings and Chronicles, as well as references to historical events in the writings of the Prophets. Origins. Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 chosen men of Israel fell slain: No 24 WA21946, The Babylonian Chronicles, The British Museum, The Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Shortly after the schism, a raid of Shishak of Egypt forced Judah briefly into submission. Jehoahaz, the second son of Josiah, reigned for three months, after which he was dethroned by Necho and exiled to Egypt. Later, he collaborated with Israel in shipbuilding and trade. Although the first titular king of Judah, he was the third king to reign in Jerusalem. zh:猶大王國. ), the prosperity of Judah was renewed. ca:Regne de Judà ), the reign of his son, Manasseh, fared poorly. Jehoiakim rebelled. Not even the radical reforms of King Josiah could save Judah from its fate. The Southern Kingdom thereafter represented his better half, demonstrating a greater degree of faithfulness to God, while the Northern Kingdom fell into a consistent pattern of tolerating and practicing idolatry. The Assyrians eventually annexed the northern half of Israel, and Damascus itself fell. Ozias, Then, the Son of Amassia, Succeeded to Him. Josiah presented himself as God's champion, aiming to purge the nation of the moral and spiritual corruption that had infested it as a result of Canaanite influence. Many historians, of course, refrain from such moral judgments against biblical standards, pointing out that the ethical values of today cannot be imposed on ancient societies. ro:Regatul Iuda ka:იუდეველთა სამეფო In these sanctuaries he reportedly erected golden statues of bull calves. So confused was the spiritual consciousness of the Judahites that the God spoke through Jeremiah to characterize human sacrifice as "something I did not command, nor did it enter my mind" (Jeremiah 7:31). When the Persians conquered Babylonia in 538 bc , Cyrus the Great allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, where they soon set to work to replace the magnificent Temple of Jerusalem that the Babylonians had destroyed. ), the Syrian king Hazael of Damascus ravaged the whole country up to and including the city of Jerusalem. Bible critics hold that the sacred history summarized in the above section is the product of a religious ideology that emerged several centuries after the facts it describes. Various critics argue that the biblical writers' justification of repressive policies toward other ethnic and religions groups is not better than the attitude of modern-day militant Muslim sects. simple:Judah The biblical story of Judah and Israel is, for many people, the history of God's Providence. vi:Vương quốc Giu-đa Although praised by the the bible (I Kings 22:41-44) for commendable devotion to Yahweh, Jehoshaphat strengthened the alliance by marrying his son Jehoram to Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and his Phoenician queen, Jezebel. The southern Kingdom of Judah thrived until 587/586 bc, when it was overrun by the Babylonians, who carried off many of the inhabitants into exile. It is thought to have occupied an area of about 8,900 km² (3,435 square miles), although its borders fluctuated. A school of Yahwist prophets arose in opposition to this association, because of its corrupting effect on Judah's religious and moral purity. The Kingdom of Judah ( Hebrew: מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה ‎, Mamlekhet Yehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age. ja:ユダ王国 Families honored Astarte, the Queen of Heaven, by baking cakes and making drink offerings to her (Jeremiah 7:18). ru:Иудейское царство Heading the revived monarchy of Egypt, Necho aimed to supplant Assyria as the dominant force in western Asia. However, it goes on at some length to describe God's miraculous intervention to save Jerusalem by sending a mighty angel to smite the Assyrians with a plague. Thereafter the kings of Judah prosper in war and peace when they "walk in the ways of [their] father David" and eschew to "sin of Jeroboam" (1 Kings 12:29-30). The Syrian power soon declined, however, and Judah now began a period of prosperity, which finally made it one of the area's leading kingdoms. The Babylonians blinded Zedekiah and brought him captive into exile with a large number of his subjects. Uzziah conquered much of the Philistine country and briefly brought even Moab to heel. In the end, says the bible, Judah was not pure enough to stand in God's sight. th:กษัตริย์แห่งยูดาห์ Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. ), the son of Asa, fought side by side with Ahab of Israel in the fateful battle of Ramoth-Gilead. The legitimate successor of the kingdom established by David was the smaller kingdom to the south, which remained true to Solomon's son Rehoboam. Jeroboam urged the young king to relax the labor requirements that Solomon had imposed on the northern tribes, saying, "Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you." This secured a direct trade route to western Arabia, as well access to Red Sea trade through the Gulf of Aqaba. His son Jehoiachin (597) held out for three months and then surrendered. Even in the capital, the idea that God alone should be worshiped failed to take root. Josiah's eldest son, Eliakim, replaced him, ruling at Necho's pleasure as "Jehoiakim." ... /.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 16 the fall of.htm. Shishak's forces plundered both the city and the Temple but apparently did little lasting harm. The current nation of Israel is still largely made up of the original southern kingdom of Judah, while the tribes of the northern kingdom remain scattered. The Kingdom of Judah (Hebrew מַלְכוּת יְהוּדָה, Standard Hebrew Malkut Yəhuda) was the nation formed from the territories of the tribes of Judah, Simon, and Benjamin after the United Kingdom of Israel was divided. His entire court, including leading figures of the Hebrew Bible at all, must be painstakingly distilled this... 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